Tanzania is a land of vastness, contrasts, and rich spectacles. Two million animals wander the Serengeti and Ngorongoro plains on volcanic soils that cover a rich history of the development of human and animal biology and culture. Snows cap Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, a recent addition to the landscape in comparison to the Eastern Arc Mountains that harbor forests older than 30 million years old. The mountains are known as the “Galapagos of Africa” and are in the top 20 ecosystems of the world with more unique diversity per square kilometer than any other. Through it’s center lie a number of unbroken savanna landscapes such as Ruaha National Park (over 22,000km2) that are strongholds for Africa’s diminishing wildlife species such as elephant, lion, and giraffe.
Tanzania is also home to over one hundred different tribes including the oldest hunter-gatherers, famous pastoralists, agricultural people as well as the coastal trader from which came Swahili, the unifying language adopted at independence.